The Group recognises that its operations have both a direct and indirect impact on the environment, and therefore seeks to establish management approaches which will help it become more environmentally friendly. Being the largest financial institution in Georgia, the Bank has a significant indirect environmental impact via the projects which it finances. In order to manage this impact properly, the Bank has implemented an Environmental and Social Policy and Risk Management Procedures, as described in the Social Matters section.
We do not believe the direct environmental impact of the banking and insurance businesses to be significant. Nevertheless, we have implemented a number of measures to reduce electricity, paper, water, and fuel consumption. For example, in 2013, we upgraded our lighting system at the Bank’s headquarters by installing energy-saving bulbs, and implemented KNX (EIB) System management, which not only helped us to minimise our environmental impact but also reduced our energy costs by GEL 4,000–5,000 per month. We implemented this system at all of the Bank’s branches in 2014.
The Group is also automating its operational processes to reduce the volume of printed documents and consequently minimise its use of paper. The Bank continues to acquire new printers which offer double-sided printing by default.
We are considering replacing part of our car fleet, which runs on petrol, with electric vehicles.
We aim to reduce greenhouse gas emissions resulting from our operations. Refer to the Directors’ Report for more details.
The most significant direct impact on the environment within the Group is created by our real estate development business, m2 Real Estate. The Company addresses industry-specific environmental issues and undertakes appropriate measures to manage them.
Focusing on enhancing the resource efficiency of its apartment buildings, m2 Real Estate started two new development projects with financial support from the IFC. The Company not only follows high environmental standards that the IFC imposes on its borrowers, but has also become a participant of the IFC-Canada Climate Change Program1 and thus meets all mandatory requirements of the programme regarding green building construction. Aiming to increase the efficient use of energy, water, and materials, m2 Real Estate installs energy efficient lighting systems and uses double-glazed windows and other modern insulation materials, thus reducing the U-value of constructed buildings to 0.21W/m2K. Utility costs for these buildings are expected to be reduced by up to 43% compared to an average residential building in Georgia.
1 The IFC-Canada Climate Change Programme, established in 2011, is a partnership between the Government of Canada and IFC to promote private sector financing for clean energy projects through the use of concessional funds to catalyse investment in renewable, low-carbon technologies that would not otherwise be made (www.ifc.org).
To minimise the negative impact on the environment caused by the construction process, m2 Real Estate has adopted an Environmental and Social Management Plan which helps to identify the environmental impacts of its activities and define measures to prevent them, as outlined below.
|Dust||– Introducing speed limits on unpaved roads |
– Damping down using water bowsers with spray bars
– Sheeting of construction materials and storage piles
– Using defined moving routes and reductions in vehicle speed limits where
|Spills and leaks |
|– Installing sealed drainage systems at refuelling areas |
– Providing suitable tanks (e.g. double skinned), bunds and impermeable liners at
fuel stores and refuelling points
– Using drip trays for static plant (e.g. generators and pumps)
– Training staff in refuelling and pump operations
– Shortening the refuelling line as much as possible
– Performing regular maintenance checks of hoses and valves
– Conducting follow up procedures for proper and safe refuelling by operators
|Air emissions||– Ensuring that new vehicles comply with current EU emissions standards at the |
time of purchase
– Implementing a regular maintenance programme to ensure all new vehicles
continue to comply with the relevant EU emissions standards
– Ensuring that older vehicles are maintained in order to eliminate additional
emissions as far as is reasonably practicable
– Strictly enforcing speed limits in order to optimise fuel consumption and
|Water contamination||– Locating fuel stores and refuelling points further from watercourses and aquifers|
|Fire||– Providing a fire extinguisher adjacent to each item of mobile plant and equipment|
|Noise||– Fitting effective silencers on all plant and machinery and providing ear |
defenders and/or plugs on site
– No idling or revving of plant or vehicle engines
– Using controlled venting, silenced equipment and absorbing screens
– Working at preferred times of day (daylight hours Monday to Saturday,
|Vibration||– Operating equipment in accordance with the manufacturer’s specifications and |
limiting excess use
|Depletion of the stratospheric |
|– Ensuring that no ozone depleting substances (ODS) such as |
chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and hydro-chlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs),
or products with known global warming potential, are used
|SScope 1 (emissions from fuel combustion and facilities operations)||8,023||8,453||7,614|
|Scope 2 (emissions from electricity, heat, steam and cooling purchased for own use)||5,411||5,457||11,034|
|Scope 3 (emissions from air and land transportation)||2,163||2,165||3,822|
|Total greenhouse gas emissions||15,597||16,075||22,470|
|Total greenhouse gas emissions per FTE||1.41||1.37||1.68|
We have reported on all of the emissions sources required under the Companies Act 2006 (Strategic Report and Directors’ Reports) Regulations 2013 (Scope 1 and 2) and additionally on those emissions under Scope 3 that are applicable to our business. All reported sources fall within our consolidated financial statements, which can be found on pages 106 to 191 of this Annual Report. We do not take responsibility for any emissions sources that are not included in our consolidated financial statements.
The reported data are collected and reported for four of the Group’s main businesses:
- Banking (represented by the Bank), which includes all of the offices and retail branches where the Bank has operating control.
- Real estate development (represented by m2 Real Estate), which includes its offices and construction sites.
- P&C insurance (represented by Aldagi), which includes all offices and retail branches where the company has operating control.
- Georgia Healthcare Group (represented by Evex and ImediL), which includes its main office and hospitals where the company has operating control.
- Combustion of natural gas, diesel, and petrol in stationary equipment at owned and controlled sites.
- Combustion of petrol, diesel, and aviation fuel in owned transportation devices (cars and aeroplane).
Scope 2 (electricity, heat, steam, and cooling purchased for own use) includes emissions from:
- Electricity used at owned and controlled sites; to calculate the emissions, we use the conversion factor for Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (average) from the UK Government’s Greenhouse Gas Conversion Factors for Company Reporting 2014.
- Used heat and steam (only applies to one of Imedi L’s sites).
Scope 3 includes emissions from:
- Business air travel (short and long haul); information on the class of travel is unavailable, hence we use an ‘average passenger’ conversion factor.
- Ground transportation, including taxis, coaches, and hire cars.